How to Quantify Mitral Regurgitation - A case of secondary (ischemic) moderate regurgitation. Learn how to determine the grade of mitral regurgitation using the quantitative PISA and stroke volume methods.
How to Quantify Early Systolic Mitral Regurgitation - The importance of timing. Learn how not to overestimate the grade of mitral regurgitation when duration is less than holo-systolic
A brief discussion on the hemodynamics behind the mitral valve E wave in normal subjects and in patients with prolonged LV relaxation.