References – 参考资料

A list of essential (not exclusive) references – in alphabetical order –  related to diagnostic echocardiography. 

Appleton CP, Hatle LK, Popp RL. Relation of transmitral flow velocity patterns to left ventricular diastolic function: new insights from a combined hemodynamic and Dopper echocardiographic study. J Am Coll Cardiol 1988;12:426-440.

Beyer RW, Ramirez M, Josephson MA, Shah PM. Correlation of continuous-wave Doppler assessment of chronic aortic regurgitation with hemodynamics and angiography. Am J Cardiol 1987;60:852-856.

Chambers J, Fraser A, Lawford P, Nihoyannopoulos P, Simpson I. Echocardiographic assessment of artificial heart valves : British Society of Echocardiography position paper. Br Heart J 1994;71:6-14.

Cohen GI, White M, Sochowski RA, Klein AL, Bridge PD, Stewart WJ, Chan KL. Reference values for normal adult transesophageal echocardiographic measurements. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 1995;8:221-30.  

Currie PJ, Seward JB, Reeder GS, Vlietstra RE, Bresnahan DR, Bresnahan JF, Smith HC, Hagler DJ, Tajik AJ. Continuous-wave Doppler echocardiographic assessment of severity of calcific aortic stenosis: a simultaneous Doppler-catheter correlative study in 100 adult patients. Circulation 1985;71:1162-1169.

Devereux RB, Reicheck W. Echocardiographic determination of left venticular mass in man: anatomic validation of the method. Circulation 1977;55:613-619.

Dittman H, Voelker W, Karsch KR, Seipel L. Influence of sampling site and flow area on cardiac output measurements by Doppler echocardiography. J Am Coll Cardiol 1987;10:818-823.

Enriquez-Sarano M, Tajik AJ, Bailey KR, Seward JB. Color flow imaging compared with quantitative Doppler assessment of severity of mitral regurgitation: influence of eccentricity of jet and mechanism of regurgitation. J Am Coll Cardiol 1993;21:1211-1219.

Enriquez-Sarano M, Bailey KR, Seward JB, Tajik AJ, Krohn MJ, Mays JM. Quantitative Doppler assessment of valvular regurgitation. Circulation 1993;87:841-848.

Fazio GP, Redberg RF, Winslow T, Schiller NB. Transesophageal echocardiographically detected atherosclerotic aortic plaque is a marker for coronary artery disease. J Am Coll Cardiol 1993;21:144-150.

Ganau A, Devereux RB, Roman MJ, De Simone G, Pickering TG, Saba PG, Vargiu P, Simongini L, Laragh JH. Patterns of left ventricular hypertrophy and geometric remodeling in essential hypertension. J Am Coll Cardiol 1992;19:1550-1558.

Gentile F, Mantero A, Lippolis A, Ornaghi M, Azzolini M, Barbier P, Beretta L, Casazza F, Corno R, Faletra F, Giagnoni E, Gualtierotti C, Lombroso S, Mattioli R, Morabito A, Pepi M, Todd S, Pezzano A. Pulmonary venous flow velocity patterns in 143 normal subjects aged 20 to 80 years old. An echo 2D colour Doppler cooperative study. Eur Heart J 1997;18:148-164.

Giannuzzi P, Imparato A, Temporelli PL, De Vito F, Silva PL, Scapellato F, Giordano A. Doppler-derived mitral deceleration time of early filling as a strong predictor of pulmonary capillary wedge pressure in postinfarction patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction. J Am Coll Cardiol 1994;23:1630-1637.

Grayburn PA, Pryor SL, Levine BD, Klein MN, Taylor AL. Day to day variability of Doppler color flow jets in mitral regurgitation. J Am Coll Cardiol 1989;14:936-940.

Hatle L, Angelsen B, Tromsdal A. Non-invasive assessment of atrio-ventricular pressure half-time by Doppler ultrasound. Circulation 1979;60:1096-1104.

Hatle L, Angelsen BA, Tromsdal A. Non-invasive assesment of aortic stenosis by Doppler ultrasound. Br Heart J 1980;43:284-292.

Helmcke F, Nanda NC, Hsiung MC, Soto B, Adey CK, Goyal RG, Gatewood RP. Color Doppler assessment of mitral regurgitation with orthogonal planes. Circulation 1987;75:175-183.

Henry WL, Griffith JM, Michaelis LL, McIntosh CL, Morrow AG, Epstein SE. Measurement of mitral orifice area in patients with mitral valve disease by real-time two-dimensional echocardiography. Circulation 1975;51:827-831.

Horowitz MS, Schultz CS, Stinson EB, Harrison DC, Popp RL. Sensitivity and specificity of echocardiographic diagnosis of pericardial effusion. Circulation 1974;50:239-247.

Kuecherer HF, Muhiudeen LA, Kusumoto FM, Lee E, Moulinier LE, Cahalan M, Schiller NB. Estimation of mean left atrial pressure from transesophageal pulsed doppler echocardiography of pulmonary venous flow. Circulation 1990;82:1127-1139.

Lamas GA, Vaughan DE, Parisi AE, Pfeffer MA. Effects of left ventricular shape and captopril therapy on exercise capacity after anterior wall acute myocardial infarction. Am J Cardiol 1989;63:1167-1173.

Mantero A, Gentile F, Gualtierotti C, Azzolini M, Barbier P, Beretta L, Casazza F, Corno R, Giagnoni E, Lippolis A, Lombroso S, Mattioli R, Morabito A, Ornaghi M, Pepi M, Pezzano A. Left ventricular diastolic parameters in 288 normal subjects from 20 to 80 years old. Eur Heart J 1994;16:94-105.

Miyatake K, Izumi S, Okamoto M, Kinoshita N, Asonuma H, Nakagawa H, Yamamoto K, Takamiya M, Sakakibara H, Nimura Y. Semiquantitative grading of severity of mitral regurgitation by real-time two-dimensional Doppler flow imaging technique. J Am Coll Cardiol 1986;7:82-88.

Nishimura RA, Tajik AJ, Shuh C, Miller FA, Ilstrup DM, Harrison CE: Role of two-dimensional echocardiography in the prediction of in-hospital complications after acute myocardial infarction. J Am Coll Cardiol 1984;4:1080-1087.

Nishimura RA, Reeder GS, Miller FA, Ilstrup DM Shub C Seward JB Tajik AJ. Prognostic value of predischarge 2-dimensional echocardiogram after acute myocardial infarction. Am J Cardiol 1984 ;53 :429-432.

Oh JK, Taliercio CP, Holmes DR, Reeder GS, Bailey KR, Seward JB, Tajik AJ. Prediction of the severity of aortic stenosis by Doppler aortic valve area determination: prospective Doppler-catheterization correlation in 100 patients. J Am Coll Cardiol 1988;11:1227-1234.

Oh JK, Hatle LK, Seward JB, Danielson GK, Schaff HV, Reeder GS, Tajik J. Diagnostic role of Doppler echocardiography in constrictive pericarditis. J Am Coll Cardiol 1994;23:154-162.

Otterstad JE, Froeland G, St John Sutton M, Holme I. Accuracy and reproducibility of biplane two-dimensional echocardiographic measurements of left ventricular dimensions and function. Eur Heart J 1997;18:507-513.

Pearlman JD, Triulzi MO, King ME, Newell J, Weyman AE. Limits of normal left ventricular dimensions in growth and development: analysis of dimensions and variance in the two-dimensional echocardiograms of 268 normal healthy subjects J Am Coll Cardiol 1988 ;12 :1432-1441.

Pearlman JD, Triulzi MO, King ME, Abascal VM, Newell J, Weyman AE. Left atrial dimensions in growth and development: normal limits for two-dimensional echocardiography. J Am Coll Cardiol 1990;16:1168-1174.

Pepi M, Tamborini G, Galli C, Barbier P, Doria E, Berti M, Guazzi M, Fiorentini C. A new formula for echo-Doppler estimation of right ventricular systolic pressure. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 1994;7:20-26.

Perry GJ, Helmcke F, Nanda NC, Byard C, Soto B. Evaluation of aortic insufficiency by color Doppler flow mapping. J Am Coll Cardiol 1987;9:952-959.

Pinamonti B, Di Lenarda A, Sinagra G, Camerini F, and The Heart Muscle Disease Study Group. Restrictive left ventricular filling pattern in dilated cardiomyopathy assessed by doppler echocardiography: clinical, echocardiographic and hemodynamic correlations and prognostic implications. J Am Coll Cardiol 1993;22:808-915.

Pinamonti B, Zecchin M, Di Lenarda A, Gregori D, Sinagra G, Camerini F. Persistence of restrictive left ventricular filling pattern in dilated cardiomyopathy: an ominous prognostic sign. J Am Coll Cardiol 1997;29:604-612.

Reicheck W, Devereux EB. Reliable estimation of peak left ventricular systolic pressure by M-mode echocardiographic determined end-diastolic relative wall thickness: identification of severe valvular aortic stenosis in adult patients. Am Heart J 1982;103:202-209.

Reicheck W, Wilson J, Sutton MST, Plappert TA, Goldberg S, Hirshfeld JW. Non-invasive determination of left ventricular end-systolic stress: validation of the method and initial application. Circulation 1982;65:99-108.

Sahn DJ, De Maria A, Kisslo J, Weyman A. The committee on M-mode standardization of the American Society of Echocardiography. Recommendations regarding quantitation in M-mode echocardiography: results of a survey of echocardiographic measurements. Circulation 1978;58:1072-1083.

Scarpini S, Badano L, Gambelli G, Nicolosi GL. Standardizzazione del referto ecocardiografico nell’adulto. In: Documenti della Società Italiana di Ecocardiografia Cardiovascolare. Giornale Italiano di Ecografia Cardiovascolare 1997;7(Suppl):17-33.

Schiller NB, Shah PM, Crawford M, De Maria A, Devereux R, Feigenbaum H, Gutgesell H, Reicheck N, Sahn D, Schnittger I, Silverman NH, Tajik AJ. Recommendations for quantitation of the left ventricle by two-dimensional echocardiography. J Am Soc Ecocardiogr 1989;2:358-367.

Shiina A, Tajik AJ, Smith HC, Lengyel M, Seward JB. Prognostic significance of regional wall motion abnormality in patients with prior myocardial infarction: a prospective correlative study of two-dimensional echocardiography and angiography. Mayo Clin Proc 1986;61:254-262.

Simonson JS, Schiller NB. Sonospirometry: a new method for non-invasive estimation of mean right atrial pressure based on two-dimensional echographic measurements of the inferior vena cava during measured inspiration. J Am Coll Cardiol 1988;11:557-564.

Stoddard MF, Pearson AC, Kern MJ, Ratcliff J, Mrosek DG, Labovitz AJ. Left ventricular diastolic function: comparison of pulsed Doppler echocardiographic and hemodynamic indexes in subjects with and without coronary artery disease. J Am Coll Cardiol 1989;13:327-336.

Simonson JS, Schiller NB. Descent of the base of the left ventricle: an echocardiographic index of left ventricular function. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 1989;2:25-35.

Vanoverschelde JL, Raphael DA, Robert AR, Cosyns JR. Left ventricular filling in dilated cardiomyopathy. Relation to functional class and hemodynamics. J Am Coll Cardiol 1990;15:1288-1295.

Verdecchia P, Schillaci G, Borgioni C, Ciucci A, Gattobigio R, Zampi I, Santucci A, Santucci C, Reboldi G, Porcellati C. Prognostic value of left ventricular mass and geometry in systemic hypertension with left ventricular hypertrophy. Am J Cardiol 1996;78:197-202.

Visser CA, Kan G, David GK, Lie KI, Durrer D. Echocardiographic-cineangiographic correlation in detecting left ventricular aneurysm: a prospective study of 422 patients. Am J Cardiol 1982;50:337-341.

Wilkins GT, Weyman AE, Abascal VM, Block PC, Palacios I. Percutaneous balloon dilatation of mitral valve: an analysis of echocardiographic variables related to outcome and the mechanism of dilatation. Br Heart J 1988;60:299-308.

Woythaler JN, Singer SL, Kwan OL, Meltzer RS, Reubner B, Bommer W, De Maria A. Accuracy of echocardiographic volume determinations: echocardiographic-angiographic correlations in the presence or absence of asynergy. J Am Coll Cardiol 1983;2:305-311.

Yeager M, Yock PG, Popp PL. Comparison of Doppler derived pressure gradient to that determined at cardiac catheterization in adults with aortic valve stenosis: implications for management. Am J Cardiol 1986;57:644-648.

Yoganathan AP, Cape EG, Sung H-W, Williams FP, Jimoh A. Review of hydrodynamic principles for the cardiologist: application to the study of blood flow and jets by imaging techniques. J Am Coll Cardiol 1988;12:1344-1353.